A Rite represents
an ecclesiastical, or church, tradition about how the sacraments are
to be celebrated. Each of the sacraments has at its core an
essential nature which must be satisfied for the sacrament to be
confected or realized. This essence - of matter, form and intention
- derives from the divinely revealed nature of the particular
sacrament. It cannot be changed by the Church.
There are three major groupings of Rites based on this initial
transmission of the faith, the Roman, the Antiochian (Syria) and the
Alexandrian (Egypt). Later on the Byzantine derived as a major Rite
from the Antiochian, under the influence of St. Basil and St. John
Chrysostom. From these four derive the over 20 liturgical Rites
present in the Church today.
WESTERN RITES AND CHURCHES
I. ROMAN (also called Latin)
• Mozarabic (Spain and Portugal)
• Ambrosian (Milan, Italy)
EASTERN RITES AND CHURCHES
- WEST SYRIAC
• Slovak - Byzantine Rite Catholics of Slovak origin
numbering 225,000 and found in Slovakia and Canada.